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When the Metropolitan Police were being established in 1829, one of the first tasks was to find a building to act as the new headquarters. The building was at 4 Whitehall Place.
In earlier years, the stretch of land beside the River
Thames had consisted of palaces and fine houses of the aristocracy.
Many of the street names (eg Northumberland Avenue, Arundel Street) reflect
this history. It is said that the Kings of Scotland had part of
Whitehall Palace there for their use when they visited London, and
this is said to be the origin of the street name "Great Scotland Yard".
Former alleys known as Middle and Little Scotland Yard had been merged into
Whitehall Place. People soon dropped the "Great" and the place
became known simply as "Scotland Yard" Another theory is that a
man called Scott owned the land, and the area became known as Scott's land,
shortened to Scotland.
On 30th May 1884, the Fenians exploded a bomb at the location, which blew a hole in the wall of Scotland Yard, and damaged the Rising Sun public house. People came to inspect the damage, and the proprietor charged 3d (about 1p) a head for spectators, and his premises thereby gained an unsought popularity.
|In 1967, the Metropolitan Police again moved headquarters to their current address of 10 Broadway, London, SW1H 0BG, on a site which also borders on Victoria Street. The name "New Scotland Yard" was retained.|
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